不定代词many和much的用法few和little的用法

2022-06-23 13:54:37

不定代词many和much的用法few和little的用法
    1.many和much的用法
    many和mu ch都表示“许多”, many修饰可数名词,much修饰不可数名词,都可用作主语、宾语和定语。例如:
    Many of the students often go shopping.(主语)
    I have much to do.(宾语)
    There is not much water in the cup.(定语)
    much有时 用作状语,例如:
    He likes playing football very much。(状语)
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    2.few,little;a few,a little的用法
    ①few和little表示没有多少,含否定意义;而a few与a little表示有一些,有几个,含肯定意义。另外,few与a few修饰可数名词,而little与a little修饰不可数名词,它们在句中常用作定语、主语和宾语。例如:
    He knows a little English.(定语)
    He has many books.But few are interesting.(主语)
    I know a little about Japanese(宾语)
    ②a few,a little可以用quite或only修饰,few和 little则不能。例如:
    —How much water is left?
    —Only a little./Qutie a little.
    —How many books are left?
    —Only a few./Quite a few.

1.My uncle hasn't been able to quit smoking,but at least he has ________.
A.cut out  B.cut down  
C .cut up  D.cut off
解析 考查动词短语。A项“裁剪,停止”;B项“裁短,减少”;C项“切碎,砍伤”;D项“砍 下,切断”。句意:我叔叔还未能戒烟,但至少他已经少抽了。选B。
答案 B
2.If you are in trouble,Mike is always willing t o_ _______a hand.
A.lend  B.shake  C.wave  D.want
解析 考查动词辨析。句意:如果你遇上麻烦,Mi ke总是乐意帮助你。短语lend a hand意为“帮助”,故选A。
答案 A
3.Try not to cough more than  you can________since it may cause prob lems to your lungs.
A.check  B.allow  C.stop   D.help
解析 考查动词辨析。句意:由于咳嗽可能造成你肺的一些问题,因此要试图咳得不要超过你能忍受的范围。
答案 D
4.When the group discussion is nearing its end,make sure  to ________ it with important points.
A.conclude  B.lead  C.avoid  D.hold
解析 考查动词辨析。A项“终止,得出结论”; B项“领导,带领”; C项“避免”; D项“握着,持有,容纳”。句意:当小 组讨论接近尾声的时候,一定要归纳出重点来结束。故答案为A。
答案 A
5.A good listener takes part in the conversation,________ ideas and rai sing questions to keep the talk flowing.
A.realizing  B.copying
C.offering  D. misunderstanding
解析 考查动词辨析。A项“意识到”; B项“抄写,复制”; C项“主动提供”; D项“误解”。句意:谈话中一个好的听众会提供观点和提出问题。故答案为C。
答案 C

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